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Bishops’ Conference Focuses on Religious Liberty at November Meeting by Helen Hull Hitchcock, Advent-Christmas 2011
USCCB Meeting November 2009 (USCCB Site): Marriage Love and Life in the Divine Plan (USCCB Site) -- Click for pdf copy | Cardinal George Statement on Healthcare - click for pdf copy | Life-Giving Love in an Age of Technology - click here for pdf copy
USCCB November Meeting Report -- Bishops Respond to Crisis on Life Issues, Catholic Teaching by Helen Hull Hitchcock, Advent-Christmas 2008
Posted November 21, 2008
US Bishops Speak Out on Implications of “Freedom of Choice Act”
A principal focus at the November 2008 US Conference of Catholic Bishops meeting in Baltimore was on the dire implications of legislation that would nullify all state and national limitations on abortion. Known as the “Freedom of Choice Act”, this legislation has the support of President-elect Barack Obama, who promised that it among his first acts as President would be to sign this into law.
An early warning about dangerous impending legislation on abortion came in a September 30 letter for use during October, Respect Life Month. The letter, written by Philadelphia Cardinal Justin Rigali, chairman of the Pro-Life Committee, said, in part:
Today, however, we face the threat of a federal bill that, if enacted, would obliterate virtually all the gains of the past 35 years and cause the abortion rate to skyrocket. The “Freedom of Choice Act” (FOCA) has many Congressional sponsors, some of whom have pledged to act swiftly to help enact this proposed legislation when Congress reconvenes in January.
FOCA establishes abortion as a "fundamental right" throughout the nine months of pregnancy, and forbids any law or policy that could "interfere" with that right or "discriminate" against it in public funding and programs.
If FOCA became law, hundreds of reasonable, widely supported, and constitutionally sound abortion regulations now in place would be invalidated. Gone would be laws providing for informed consent, and parental consent or notification in the case of minors. Laws protecting women from unsafe abortion clinics and from abortion practitioners who are not physicians would be overridden. Restrictions on partial-birth and other late-term abortions would be eliminated. FOCA would knock down laws protecting the conscience rights of nurses, doctors, and hospitals with moral objections to abortion, and force taxpayers to fund abortions throughout the United States.
We cannot allow this to happen. We cannot tolerate an even greater loss of innocent human lives. …
More than forty bishops contributed to the discussion of the November 12 statement during the public sessions of the USCCB meeting November 11. Following are a few the bishops’ interventions.
Bishop Thomas Paprocki, auxiliary of Chicago and chairman of the Committee on Canon Law:
I speak in strong support of Point 3 regarding the defense of the unborn child from the moment of conception. In particular we need to be aware of the significant and adverse effects of the proposed Freedom of Choice Act, which the President-elect has indicated he would sign if the Congress passes it. A devastating consequence for Catholic health care institutions and providers would be the fact that the Freedom of Choice Act in its present form would nullify all conscience laws allowing doctors, nurses or other state-licensed professionals and hospitals or other health-care institutions to object conscientiously to performing or participating in abortions. If this is allowed to happen, the next step would likely be for federal law to require abortions to be performed by all hospitals, including our Catholic hospitals, which, of course, we cannot do. This could necessitate discontinuing all obstetrical services at Catholic hospitals. However, I suspect that the forces of abortion would further seek to require health care institutions to provide abortion services. If that were to happen we would need to consider taking the drastic step of closing our Catholic hospitals entirely. It would not be sufficient simply to withdraw Catholic sponsorship or sell our hospitals to someone else who would provide abortion services, since giving permission to sell or alienate Catholic hospitals to those who would perform abortions would be a morally unacceptable cooperation in evil. I do not think that I am being alarmist in suggesting the need to consider taking such drastic steps. I am saying that we need to be prepared to respond in a morally appropriate and responsible fashion in the face of increasingly militant and virulent threats to pre-born human life and the moral rights of conscience to protect such life. Thank you. [Applause]
Bishop Daniel Conlon, Steubenville, member of the Marriage and Family Life subcommittee: Regardless of any particular legislation either at the federal level or the state level, my guess is that the change of administration will lead some people to think that there should be a cessation in efforts to halt abortions or the war on abortion that we are so committed to. There will be calls for a truce, it you will. I think people need to understand that we are dealing here with an absolute, that there is nothing here that will allow for compromise. Cardinal George, in your initial comments, in your Presidential address, you made a poignant connection between slavery and abortion. Slavery was an issue that divided this country substantially for a very long time. In fact, the adoption of a Constitution that brought the country into existence almost did not happen because of slavery, and the issue was put off. It was put off until the point that a civil war came into being and, which again, almost destroyed the union, and resulted in the loss of tremendous life. It was very violent, and very divisive and very painful. But it was a matter of an absolute: you either had slavery or you didn’t have slavery. And so it is with abortion. And I think with this particular point your statement needs to make it clear that this is not a matter of political compromise, it’s not a matter of finding some way of common ground. It is a matter of an absolute moral issue of a human being whose life cannot be compromised, but must be protected. [Applause]
Cardinal Justin Rigali, Philadelphia, chairman Pro-Life Activities, suggested quoting Pope John Paul’s address during his visit to St. Louis in 1999:
The Dred Scott decision and slavery has already been mentioned, and the Cardinal [George] referred to it in his presidential address. I would like to simply read twelve lines or so, and ask if it might not be possible to insert this quotation from Pope John Paul II on his visit to the United States, precisely to St. Louis, when I was the archbishop, and the quotation which may possibly be able--because the phrases are quitethey’re quite impressive. If I may just read the twelve lines:
“There are times of trial, tests of national character in the history of every country. America has not been immune to them. One such time of trial is closely connected with St. Louis. Here the famous Dred Scott case was heard. And in that case the Supreme Court of the United States subsequently declared an entire class of human beingspeople of African descentoutside the boundaries of the national community and of the Constitution’s protection. After untold suffering and with enormous effort that situation has, at least in part, been reversed. America faces a similar time of trial today. Today the conflict is between a culture that affirms, cherishes and celebrates the gift of life, and a culture that seeks to declare entire groups of human beingsthe unborn, the terminally ill, the handicapped and others considered unusefulto be outside the boundaries of legal protection. Because of the seriousness of the issues involved and because of America’s great impact on the world as a whole the resolution of this new time of testing will have profound consequences”.
Perhaps this could be referred to explicitly. Thank you.
Bishop Joseph Martino, Scranton: I just think we have to define this term “common good”. I say that with great reluctance, because I do agree with Cardinal Egan and others who have said we need to make sure the document has the appropriate punch and not an excessive length. But I think one of the sad aspects of this past election would be the activity of Catholics United and Catholics in Alliance for the so-called “Common Good”. I think they really redefined that phrase “common good” into kind of a utopianism, a prosperity-oriented materialism, I think. And I think that that’s not what we mean at all by “the common good”. That has a precise meaning in the Church’s teachings and in the Compendium of the Social Teachings of the Church. So I just hope that, without lengthening this document, we do not let others think that “common good” is a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage. There’s much more to it than that.
Archbishop Timothy Broglio, Military Services: Just very simply to echo what Bishop Trautman said: that it be prophetic in the sense of inviting the man who willthose who will read this document to accept the right position such as Nathan did with King David. That should certainly guarantee that you stay up all night.
Bishop Blasé Cupich, Rapid City, member Translation of Scripture Texts subcommittee: And just to piggy-back on what Archbishop Broglio said, I think it is important to be prophetic, but to keep in mind that a prophecy of denunciation quickly wears thin. And what we need, it seems to me, is a prophecy of solidarity: solidarity with those that we speak who have no voice, but also solidarity with a community that we serve and a nation that we live in, that is in need of healing today. And so it seems to me that we must act, and be perceived as acting, as caring pastors as well as faithful teachers. And as we do this work with this document to see it as part of the ongoing contact with the new administration, so that whatever is done will help and not hinder the personal contacts that our Conference will have in the ongoing years with this new administration.
Archbishop Joseph Naumann. Kansas City (Kansas), member Task Force on the Life and Dignity of the Human Person, Pro-Life Activities: Your Eminence, I think … it’s really a call to our Catholics in public life to integrity: integrity in terms of the way they live out their Catholic faith, and they can’t check their principles at the door of the legislature. And I think we need to emphasize that integrity, and then also integrity in living their Catholic faith: that they cannot call themselves to be Catholic when they violate such a fundamental core belief of ours in terms of the dignity of the unborn. And finally, I would just echo that, if we could make that summons and call to the entire Catholic community, at this point, to rally. I think that’s very important.
Bishop Robert Hermann, administrator, St. Louis: Your Eminence, I just wanted to really encourage you to make this a very, very strong statement about what we really believe. For this reason: we have lost perhaps fifty times as many children in the last thirty-five years as we have lost soldiers in all the wars since the Revolution. And that is a horrible, horrible thing to answer for. And therefore I think any bishop here would consider it a privilege to die tomorrow to bring about the end of abortion. Now if we’re willing to die tomorrow to bring about the end of abortion, then we should be willing to spend the rest of our lives dedicated to take all kinds of criticism, whatever it is, to stop this horrible genocide. So, I know we’re giving you a tough assignment, but we know you can rise to the occasion. So, I just want to encourage my brothers as they go back home not to be afraid to stand up. To see the gravity of this and not to be afraid to stand up in the pulpit and to defend whatever it is that you write. Thank you. [Applause]
A more complete account of the November USCCB meeting in Voices, Advent-Christmas 2008 - coming out soon.
- Highlights of USCCB Meeting Helen Hull Hitchcock -- Christmastide 2007
- Brief Report on USCCB meeting June 20, 2006
- Task Force on Catholic Bishops and Catholic Politicians -ORAL REPORT to the USCCB June 2006 Meeting - Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, June 15, 2006
- USCCB November Meeting -- Brief Summary -- November 14-17, 2005
- Special Report: US Bishops' November 2004 Meeting -- by Helen Hull Hitchcock
- Document on Marriage - "Marriage is a gift to be cherished and protected", proclaims the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) in a statement issued at their November 2003 meeting on the sanctity of marriage, "Between Man and Woman: Questions and Answers about Marriage and Same-sex Unions".
- Catechetics - A startling report on the deficiencies the committee found with high school textbooks. The discussion was led by Archbishop Alfred Hughes of New Orleans, after the subject was introduced by Archbishop Daniel Buechlein of Indianapolis, chairman of the Committee on Catechesis.
- Marriage and Contraception - The bishops considered a proposal to produce a booklet as an "educational tool" on Catholic teaching on contraception and natural family planning, introduced by Denver Archbishop Charles Chaput, acting chairman of the Committee on Pro-Life Activities.
- USCCB Report:Task Force on the "Doctrinal Note... on the Participation of Catholics in Political Life" -- presented by Bishop John H. Ricard, SSJ
- Bishops clarify directives for Catholic hospitals: "Cooperation" with providers of abortion, euthanasia, sterilization forbidden to Catholic health care services -- By Helen Hull Hitchcock -- ATLANTA - June 15, 2001
- WFF Special Report: US Bishops tackle packed agenda at Fall 2000 meeting
- Bishops and Theologians: Round Ten a Draw? -- Fall 2000 meeting -- by Helen Hull Hitchcock
- Ex Corde Ecclesiae the "dialogue" continues -- Transcript of Bishops' Discussion on Mandatum Guidelines, Wednesday, November 15, 2000
- US Bishops: Abortion and the Supreme Court: Advancing the Culture of Death -- Fall 2000
- National Conference of Catholic Bishops -- November 1999 Report: Education at all levels on the bishops' agenda' -- Domus Dei draft on church architecture - Ex Corde Ecclesiae implementation - Catechism Committee
- Bishops discuss Liturgy, Pro-Life Statement, Holy Days, Friday abstinence -- Fall 1997
- Letter from the Congregation on Catholic Education -- In the United States, the May 1997 letter from Cardinal Laghi was received by the president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, Bishop Anthony Pilla of Cleveland, and in November 1997 he disseminated that letter to his brother bishops at their semi-annual meeting in Washington, D.C.
- November 2003 html version --NCCB Debate on Liturgical Revisions -- What the bishops said....US Bishops' debate on Liturgical Revisions during the November 1993 Meeting of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in Washington, DC.
- NCCB Report - Bishops, Feminists and the "Women's Pastoral"-- The Final Solution? Pages 1, 2, 4, 5, Fall 1992 & Winter 1993, Vol VII, No. 4 and VIII, No. 1
- The Bishops and the Pastoral... What They Said -- and What's Next -- Vol. VII, No. 2-3, August 1992, pages 1,2
- Bishop's Discussion on the Third Draft of "Called to be One in Christ Jesus - -- Vol. VII, No. 2-3, August 1992, pages 6-20
- 1991 Fall Meeting: Bishops reject lay preachers, endorse new Bibles, WFF attends, makes statement on issues. Vol. VII, No 1, 1992 Page 3, 4
- Sex Education: The Catholic Scene-- "In November, 1990, the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) approved a pastoral document, Human Sexuality, A Catholic Perspective on Education and Lifelong Learning, which provided "instructional guidelines" for sex education in the Catholic schools." -- by Margaret M. Whitehead
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